Psychopharmacology/Medical Info-Portal for Student and Professional Counselors (PSPC)

(Edited, 02-19-10)
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Tuesday, April 23rd, 2019
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Psychopharmacology, Biological Psychology, and Medical Information

Biological Psychology--Central Nervous System
Biological Psychology--Endocrine System
Medical Information


Drug Information--MedlinePlus (U.S. National Library of Medicine [NLM] and National Institutes of Health [NIH])
Public domain. A profile of prescription and over-the-counter drugs, including those used to manage mental disorders.

Drug Information (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Olmsted County, Minnesota)
Public access. Use the search field or index to identify prescription and over-the-counter drugs within the Micromedex database. An additional database is available for vitamins, supplements, and herbs.

Drug Reference (Discovery Communications, Inc.)
Public access.
Use the drop-down alphabetical index to identify drug-related information--for example: pronunciation, trademark and generic names, and multiple questions and answers. (Drugsite Trust; contact location, Turks and Caicos Islands)
Public access--ad-supported--a no cost
registration is required to access the Professional Information database. Use the alphabetical index or the search field to obtain a description from databases (e.g., PDR, Micromedex, and Multum) with over 24,000 trade and generic names (and over-the-counter drugs). Each drug description includes consumer information files that provide additional information (in English or Spanish). Additional services provided by affiliates include: Pill Identifier, [drug] Interactions Checker, and [pill] Image Checker.

Medications-2002 Booklet (The National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], National Institutes of Health [NIH], U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [HHS])
Public access. This consumer-oriented booklet includes information related to medications for selected mental disorders and special groups (e.g., children, older adults, and women during childbearing years). Recommendations are provided for consumer management routines that minimize problems resulting from the use of prescription medication with dietary supplements and over-the-counter drugs.

Medications A-Z List (MedicineNet, Inc., San Clemente, CA)
Public access. Use the alphabetical index or search field to access over 400 common medications.

RxList--The Internet Drug Index (RxList, LLC, San Francisco, CA)
Public access--ad-supported. Use the keyword search option or advanced search options to identify the description a specific drug. Each drug's class is noted along with its brand and generic names. Links are provided to files with patient summary information and side effects-interactions. A directory, RxList Alternatives, includes search and list options for alternative medications and supplements.

  • (RxList "fuzzy" search--spelling can be accurate or approximately accurate)

Psychopharmacology Tips by Dr. Bob (Robert Hsiung, MD, University of Chicago)
Public access. Conduct searches by using a psychiatric condition or drug type--directories are also included for specific topics related to psychopharmacology. A list of links to other Web sites that provide similar information is provided.

St. John's Wort

Biological Psychology--Central Nervous System

Central Nervous System (CNS) overview--public access, English language: 

The BrainWeb and Brain Information (Dana Foundation and Dana Alliance, New York, NY)
Public access. Visitors can use the directory system or a list of brain disorders and conditions find links to articles from BrainWeb, The Neuroscience Newsletter, which is a Dana Foundation Publication--Newsletter articles are .pdf files. In addition, links are provided to other organizations with content related to brain functions and research.

Brain Model Tutorial (Mark Darty, University of Central Florida)
Public access, except to directory, Psychology Graduate Schools--Journals and More. The main site (Brain Model Tutorial) provides a graphic overview of the human brain, and its areas and primary functions. The other publicly accessible directory, Learn From Public Domain, includes a gallery of graphics, and links to other sites. Note: The main site and the directory noted herein are based on mid-1990s research and Web-display technologies.

The Whole Brain Atlas (Keith A. Johnson and J. Alex Becker, Harvard University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, respectively)
Public access--review copyright for linking and content options. The image-based contents of this site include the normal brain and anatomical impairments based on cerebrovascular, neoplastic, degenerative, and infectious diseases. (The review and manipulation of some images require a Web browser, which supports Java applets.) Note: Many content areas are relevant for brain imaging specialists; nevertheless, some non-specialists (e.g., typical patients and learners) can acquire useful information.  

Biological Psychology--Endocrine System

Endocrine System (American Medical Association, Chicago, IL)
Public access. This basic endocrine system diagram includes the major glands and the hormones they create and delivery to body organs and systems.

The Hormone Foundation (Chevy Chase, MD)
Public access. The Foundation's objective--to prevent and provide treatment information about hormone related conditions--is addressed through its publication of informative directories related to: diabetes, growth, hormone abuse, menopause, obesity, osteoporosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, pituitary gland, prostate, and thyroid. The Hormone Foundation information (e.g., overview, symptoms, treatment options, lifestyle issues and prevention, etc.) is complemented by links to multiple organizations that provide education and treatment information. 

Endocrinology (Methodist Health Care System, Houston, TX)
Public access--English and Spanish. Patients and learners can review an Anatomy of the Endocrine System, or access links to common diseases and conditions that emanate from glands within the endocrine system. 

Endocrine System--Hypertexts for Biomedical Sciences (Laura Austgen, R. A. Bowen, and Melissa Rouge; Colorado State University)
Public access. The Fundamental Concepts in Endocrinology section uses graphics, animation, and text to provide visitors with a basic knowledge of biochemistry an overview of the endocrine system. Resource files within the section, A Tour of the Endocrine System, include a more in-depth examination of the endocrine system; therefore, a moderate understanding of biomedical sciences might be a prerequisite. Patients and learners, including student and professional counselors, can use modules within this online text to refresh their knowledge base and acquire new information related to the endocrine system. 

Endocrine System-KidsHealth (Nemours Foundation, Jacksonville, FL)
Public access. (This directory of KidsHealth was written for adults, and not specifically for those with children.) The introduction includes a graphic and text related to the endocrine system glands, and their creation and distribution of hormones within the body. The "dysfunctions" section of this article identifies endocrine system problems that are usually evident during childhood. Links are provided to other articles within KidsHealth, and to organizations that publish information related to the endocrine system.

Medical Information

The Merck Manual-Second Home Edition (Merck Research Laboratories, Merck & Co., Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ)
Public access--multilingual online version. Use the search system or index to identify information within 25 chapters, anatomical drawings, and appendices. The contents include medical, mental, and dental disorders. Also included are health issues peculiar to women, men, and children. A commercial, printed version of The Merck Manual of Medical Information--Second Home Edition is available.

Links to multimedia and interactive services provided by Merck:

  1. Human Atlas--video, text, models, and slides for over 140 mental disorders and medical diseases

  2. Interactive Body Guide--interactive slides for the female and male anatomy Dictionary Index (MedicineNet, Inc., San Clemente, CA)
Public access--ad-supported. A comprehensive list of medical terms, conditions, procedures, and links to databases and organizations. An easy-to-use alphabetical index. Also, an efficient search option is included.

Health Topics--MedlinePlus (U.S. National Library of Medicine [NLM] and National Institutes of Health [NIH])
Public domain. Use the alphabetical index or broad topics to find detailed reports on hundreds of disorders and conditions.

Anatomy and Physiology-SEER's Web-based Training Modules (U.S. National Cancer Institute--Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results [SEER] Program)
Public access. The content areas include an overview of human anatomy. Related modules are provided for the major human systems (e.g., nervous, cardiovascular, digestive, nervous, endocrine, digestive, lymphatic, and others). Refer to  SEER's main site for access to multiple cancer-related modules.

Health Information A-Z (University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System)
Public access. Links are provided for a list of about two dozen health-related topics. Each topic includes a general description and prevalence rates. Specific diseases or disorders associated with each broad topic are identified and discussed.

WebMD Health (WebMD, Inc.)
Commercial and ad-supported. Access current and feature article, and directories for: 1) medical information; and 2) health and wellness. Other registration-based services are available. (American Academy of Family Physicians-AAFP, Leawood, KS)
Public access. An alphabetical index and directory structure provide visitors with the option to review basic information, treatment, and risk reduction or prevention tips for many conditions. Useful options for patients and learners include the following directories:

  • Search by Symptoms--a common list of problems that are linked to an online "differential diagnosis" scheme, which is similar to the Decision Trees for Differential Diagnosis use by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders--DSM).

  • Drug Information--access documents related to over-the-counter medications; in addition, link is provided to a Drug Information Database (a separate agreement with Cerner Multum, Incorporated is required to access this database).

  • Dictionary of Common Medical Terms--alphabetical index and search field

Virtual Hospital--A Digital Library of Health Information (University of Iowa)
Public access. Medical and reference resources are provided for providers and patients (or learners). Patient (or learner) services include access to online booklets in HTML format, and linked from within the following directories: 

Diseases and (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Rochester, MN)
Public access. Use the alphabetical index or the 14 Disease and Condition Centers to find the information related to your research. The Mental Health Center includes basic information, an in-depth examination of several common mental disorders, treatment options, and ways to prevent and manage mental disorders. 

United States National Library of Medicine (NLM)
Public access. Marketed as the "world's largest medical library," the NLM provides links to many medical and scientific resources through its primary directories: 1) Health Information; and 2) Library Services. Additional directories include news and general information.

  • Public Med (United States National Library of Medicine [NLM])
    Public access. Search for millions of Medline citations from science journals--1950s to the present. Links are provided to commercial options for the full text version of many articles.

Hardin Meta Directory (Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, University of Iowa)
Public access (English, and a limited number of Spanish language documents). Each disease or condition on a comprehensive list is linked to a directory with multiple Web-based resources from organizations (e.g., MedlinePlus, Mayo Clinic, various medical libraries, professional organizations, etc.), and articles written by researchers, professors, and practitioners.

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